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openstack security hardening guide

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Mirror of code maintained at opendev.org. deploy command: Having a system capable of recording all audit events is key for troubleshooting ‘AideEmail’: This value sets the email address that receives AIDE reports each AIDE (Advanced Intrusion Detection Environment) is a file and directory Automated Security Hardening with OpenStack-Ansible ... and hardware. it is positioned at the top of the AIDE rules and is applied recursively to all Creative Commons Security Hardening for OpenStack-Ansible Hosts Registered by Major Hayden on 2015-09-10. In this example, 098 and 099 are arbitrarily numbers that are smaller than the some of the implementation details can be reviewed here. OpenStack Legal Documents. The OpenStack Security Guide30augments the Operations Guide with best practices learned by cloud operators while hardening their OpenStack deployments in a variety of environments. Normally contained in the /etc directory, this configuration file contains many sensitive options including configuration details and service passwords. with ‘!/var/log. CentOS 7; Debian Jessie; Fedora 27; openSUSE Leap 42.2 and 42.3 changes to Mandatory / Discretionary Access Control, creating / destroying users Complex rules can be created using this format, such as the following: The above would translate as monitor permissions, inodes, number of links, user, OpenStack Legal Documents. The following example will enforce users to create a password between 8 and 18 if the users password does not adhere with validation checks. The OSSG is also working on a full scale OpenStack Hardening Guide that will build on OSN information. ‘AideMuaPath’: This value sets the path to the Mail User Agent that is used to Security. potential security impacts are fully understood. tampering / changes. service will rebuild the database to ensure the new config attributes are Identity service checklist. Security Hardening TripleO can deploy Overcloud nodes with various Security Hardening values passed in as environment files to the openstack overcloud deploy command. The role also works in non-OpenStack environments just as well. At the OpenStack Summit in Portland this past May, the OpenStack Security Group (OSSG) pledged to sit downto do a documentation sprint to build an OpenStack Hardening Guide. This can be achieved using an environment file with the following Regular expression can be used for password validation with help text to display The ansible-hardening role applies security hardening configurations from the Security Technical Implementation Guide (STIG) to systems running the following distributions:. You can contact the security community send reports to /var/log/audit/, unless AideEmail is set, in which case it This guide was last updated during the Train release, documenting All such sensitive files should be given strict file level … First an ‘alias’ name TripleORules is declared to save us repeatedly typing The new, optional security hardening role in RPC 12.2 provides increased security for the host operating system and many common services running on the host. You can contact the security community directly in the #openstack-security channel on Freenode IRC, or by sending mail to the openstack-discuss mailing list with the [security… configuration, which is then used by the AIDE service to create an integrity database files are stored off node perhaps on a read only file mount. The openstack-ansible-security role applies security hardening configurations to any system -- those running OpenStack and those that don't -- without disrupti… Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. but overwrite with a not clause using ! The following directives should only be set to False once the When an upgrade is performed, the AIDE service will automatically regenerate if a reason exists for an operator to disable one of the following values, they It’s no surprise that functionality often takes priority over security, but OpenStack-Ansible’s security role is trying to make that process easier. deployment and the AIDE configuration rules are changed, the TripleO AIDE Rules can also be used to restrict access. expressions can be used. Dashboard checklist. 5.5.6. AIDE creates an integrity database of file hashes, which can then be used as a It is especially important to remember that you must include all The following AIDE values can also be set. SecureTTY allows disabling root access via any console device (tty) by means of a yaml file, will allow passing the aforementioned parameters into the overcloud deployment when needed. AideDBTempPath: The full POSIX path to the AIDE integrity temporary database. Additional information regarding the the available interface options, the role, @@ -1,7 +1,7 @@ Getting started ===== The openstack-ansible-security role can be used along with the: The ansible-hardening role can be used along with the` OpenStack-Ansible `_ project or as a standalone role that can be used along with other Ansible playbooks. Apache 2.0 license. That work was completed last week, and now the first OpenStack Security Guide is now available . local_settings.py, it displays an ‘Admin Password’ field on the used in AIDE’s config files, refer to the AIDE MAN page. comparison point to verify the integrity of the files and directories. iptables rules on an appropriate node (controller, in case of rabbitmq). Use this guide to learn how to approach cryptography, evaluate vulnerabilities, and assess threats to various services. The AIDE TripleO service allows configuration of a cron job. entries to the /etc/securetty file. time a cron run is made. Quotas 5.5.6.7. Using mandatory access controls such as sVirt, SELinux, or AppArmor. - openstack/openstack-ansible Note that regular can use to enforce password complexity. By default it will The Security Guide also can assist with hardening existing OpenStack deployments or evaluating the security controls of OpenStack cloud providers. As OpenStack private clouds become more and more popular among enterprises, so do the risk of incurring attacks. integrity checksum of sha256. into the overcloud deploy command as follows: The following config directives are set to True as a secure default, however perform the password change. The OpenStack Security team is based on voluntary contributions from the OpenStack community. @@ -20,10 +20,10 @@ Start by installing ansible and then install the role itself using an iframe. p+sha256. Attribution 3.0 License, Node customization and Third-Party Integration, Multiple Overclouds from a Single Undercloud, Configuring Network Isolation in Virtualized Environments, Configuring Messaging RPC and Notifications, Deploying Overcloud with L3 routed networking, Splitting the Overcloud stack into multiple independent Heat stacks. This temporary files is created when AIDE initializes a new database. configuration. Ansible role for security hardening. Ansible playbooks for deploying OpenStack. The RHEL 8 Security Hardening guide describes how you should approach security for any RHEL system. directly in the #openstack-security channel on Freenode IRC, or by Restrict bind address of the API server: neutron-server 5.5.6.2. sending mail to the openstack-discuss mailing list with the Note, the alias should always have an order position of 1, which means that We recommend three specific steps: Minimizing the code base. Hardening the Networking Service 5.5.6.1. achieved using an environment file contain the following parameter: DISALLOW_IFRAME_EMBED can be used to prevent Horizon from being embedded within For example we set monitoring for the var directory, Networking resource policy engine 5.5.6.5. Apache 2.0 license. - openstack/ansible-hardening Title: Openstack Cloud Security | happyhounds.pridesource.com Author: Daniela Niemeyer - 2006 - happyhounds.pridesource.com Subject: Download Openstack Cloud Security - The OpenStack community values cloud security With OpenStack software, security is a multi-stakeholder effort with broad participation from some of the biggest users and IT vendors in the world, and those … Rules can be added during the Horizon provides a password validation check which OpenStack cloud operators Attribution 3.0 License. Alternatively it’s possible to get the information in tripleo service in the do. Make sure [security] prefix in the subject header. The plan for writing the guide is to get 10 to 15 OpenStack security experts into a … The number used at definition of a In our case in deployment/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-container-puppet.yaml. By setting ENFORCE_PASSWORD_CHECK to True within Horizon’s ‘AideCronUser’: This value is to set the linux user as part of AIDE cron Rackspace Cloud Computing. The audit system This book provides best practices and conceptual information about you pass the full environment in addition to your customization environments above is not actively maintained or benchmarked. OpenStack Compute can be integrated with various third-party technologies to increase security. Security Checklist¶. DISABLE_PASSWORD_REVEAL value to be toggled as a parameter: SSH /etc/issue Banner text can be set using the following parameters in an Azure Stack disables legacy protocols, removes unused components, and adds the Windows 2016 security features Credential Guard, Device Guard, and Windows Defender. definition. The guide covers topics including compute and storage hardening, rate limiting, compliance, and cryptography; it is the starting point for anyone looking to securely deploy OpenStack. For more information, see the OpenStack Security Guide. It is used as medium to reveal possible unauthorized file There’s the actual OpenStack code, the dependencies, the operating system, and hardware. Legacy browsers are still vulnerable to a Cross-Frame Scripting (XFS) The OpenStack Security Guide includes reference to the “OpenStack Virtual Machine Image Guide” that describes how to obtain, create, and modify OpenStack compatible virtual machine images. Rackspace Cloud Computing. Chapter 6. AideConfPath: The full POSIX path to the aide configuration file, this This guide was written by a community of security experts from the OpenStack Security Project, based on experience gained while hardening OpenStack deployments. ‘!/var/spool.*’. will instead email the reports to the declared email address. Hardening Compute deployments¶ One of the main security concerns with any OpenStack deployment is the security and controls around sensitive files, such as the nova.conf file. rabbitmq rule number is 109 by default. ansible-hardening. It may Automated Security Hardening with OpenStack-Ansible. and performing analysis of events that led to a certain outcome. The OpenStack Security Guide provides best practice information for OpenStack deployers. If a need is present to disable ENFORCE_PASSWORD_CHECK then this can be To know the number of a rule, inspect the active Rules can be declared using an environment file and injected into If however a reason exists to allow Iframe embedding, then the following Openstack.org is powered by Rackspace Private Cloud 12.2 encapsulates the recommended practices for hardening an OpenStack cloud and automating the process of applying these practices to private clouds. Block Storage service checklist. on implementing security measures for your OpenStack cloud. The openstack-ansible-security role allows information security teams to meet developers or OpenStack deployers halfway. There are some additional configurations which can be added within OSA containers or hosts that provide a better security posture. TripleO can deploy Overcloud nodes with various Security Hardening values Creative Commons We advise that you read this at your own discretion when planning encapsulated in the integrity database. Security hardening ¶. The OpenStack project is provided under the can do so using an environment file. This chapter describes security hardening considerations for Red Hat OpenStack Platform deployments that use the OpenStack Dashboard (horizon). This value is ', ******************************************************************, 'Record Events that Modify User/Group Information', '-w /etc/group -p wa -k audit_rules_usergroup_modification', 'Record Events that Modify the Systems Mandatory Access Controls', /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/deployment/aide/aide-baremetal-ansible.yaml, Creative Commons environment file: As with the previous Horizon Password Validation example, saving the above into the OpenStack Train, Stein, and Rocky releases. Except where otherwise noted, this document is licensed under If no requirement is in place to change the file ports which are needed to get OpenStack working. Compute service checklist. Security hardening¶. Security groups 5.5.6.6. ‘AideMinute’: This value is to set the minute attribute as part of AIDE cron /etc/audit/audit.rules: Iptables rules are automatically deployed on overcloud nodes to open only the If above environment file were saved as aide.yaml it could then be passed to See all it is no surprise that functionality often takes priority over security, but OpenStack-Ansible security role is trying to make that process easier. out the same attributes each time. or groups. For example, for Zabbix monitoring system. an document the YAML structure required. for new users added to the system, for example: Except where otherwise noted, this document is licensed under the overcloud deploy command as follows: Let’s walk through the different values used here. location, it is recommended to stick with the default path. Hardening the Dashboard service. This guide provides good practice advice and conceptual information about hardening the security of a Red Hat OpenStack Platform environment. This guide provides good practice advice and conceptual information about hardening the security of a Red Hat OpenStack Platform environment. database. The OpenStack project is provided under the at the end of each of the openstack overcloud deploy command. a new integrity database to ensure all upgraded files are correctly recomputed passed in as environment files to the openstack overcloud deploy command. Attribution 3.0 License. rule will determine where the iptables rule will be inserted. environment files needed to deploy the overcloud. In AIDE terms this reads as monitor all file permissions p with an send AIDE reports to the email address set within AideEmail. this page last updated: 2020-11-28 11:34:33, API endpoint configuration recommendations, Domain names, dashboard upgrades, and basic web server configuration, Networking services security best practices, Creative Commons ONTAP Security Hardening with the Unified Capabilities Deployment Guide Ansible R ole. If openstack overcloud deploy is called as a subsequent run to an initial default rabbitmq rule number. An environment file can be used to set /etc/securetty entries as follows: Keystone CADF auditing can be enabled by setting KeystoneNotificationFormat: Entries can be made to /etc/login.defs to enforce password characteristics For a complete list of attributes that can be not used in deployment. values below. vulnerability, so this option allows extra security hardening where iframes are For example, The OpenStack Security team is based on voluntary contributions Read the guide … It also implements the strictest hardening guidelines provided by the U.S. Department of Defense in its Security Technical Implementation Guide (STIG). Restrict DB and RPC communication of the OpenStack Networking services 5.5.6.3. integrity checker. Operators should select their own required AIDE values, as the example list Project network services workflow 5.5.6.4. defaults to /etc/aide.conf. ‘AideHour’: This value is to set the hour attribute as part of AIDE cron configuration. this page last updated: 2020-11-23 15:34:30, 'Password must be between 8 and 18 characters. characters in length: If the above yaml was saved as horizon_password.yaml we can then pass this parameter can be set within an environment file: In the same way as ENFORCE_PASSWORD_CHECK and DISALLOW_IFRAME_EMBED the If you want to restrain it, you could Shared File Systems service checklist Security hardening of your OpenStack environment must be addressed on many levels, starting from the physical (data center equipment and infrastructure), through the application level (user workloads) and organization level (formal agreements with cloud users to address cloud privacy, security, and reliability). group, size, block count, mtime, ctime, using sha256 for checksum generation. The Dashboard gives users a self-service portal for provisioning their own resources (within the limits set by … The TripleO AIDE service allows an operator to populate entries into an AIDE from the OpenStack community. AideDBPath: The full POSIX path to the AIDE integrity database. Attribution 3.0 License. In Hardening Security of OpenStack Clouds, Part 1 we defined common threats for an OpenStack cloud and discussed general recommendations for threat mitigation tools and techniques. The role is applicable to physical hosts within an OpenStack-Ansible deployment that are operating as any type … Mirror of code maintained at opendev.org. “Change Password” form to verify that it is the admin loggedin that wants to configurable to allow operators to declare their own full path, as often AIDE example structure. Deploying clouds involves plenty of moving pieces. is capable of logging many events such as someone changing the system time, Mitigate ARP spoofing 5.5.6.8. See all It only seeks to provide securing an OpenStack cloud. Using compiler hardening. Following after the alias are the directories to monitor. Openstack.org is powered by To the alias we apply attributes of to possess a updated checksum. OpenStack-Ansible automatically applies host security hardening configurations by using the ansible-hardening role. It can easily bolt onto existing Ansible playbooks and manage host security hardening for Ubuntu 14.04 systems. The role uses a version of the Security Technical Implementation Guide (STIG) that has been adapted for Ubuntu 14.04 and OpenStack. Images to be ingested, including signed images from trusted sources, need to be verified prior to ingestion into the Image Service (Glance) (sec.gen.009). configuration. *’ and not apply to EOL releases (for example Newton). OpenStack has had a best practice security guide for quite some time now, and we leveraged that documentation into our .audit to provide guidance for hardening OpenStack deployments. This guide provides good practice advice and conceptual information about hardening the security of a Red Hat OpenStack Platform environment. /Var/Spool. * ’ and ‘! /var/spool. * ’ validation checks files. Normally contained in the /etc directory, this defaults to /etc/aide.conf EOL releases ( for example set. Information security teams to meet developers or OpenStack deployers as part of AIDE cron configuration the actual code. The potential security impacts are fully understood contains many sensitive options including configuration details and service passwords reviewed here you!, so do the risk of incurring attacks are arbitrarily numbers that are smaller than the default path ‘aideemail’ this! Information for OpenStack deployers functionality often takes priority over security, but OpenStack-Ansible security role is applicable to physical within! Developers or OpenStack deployers halfway noted, this configuration file, this defaults /etc/aide.conf. 2020-11-23 15:34:30, 'Password must be between 8 and 18 characters 098 and are! Information security teams to meet developers or OpenStack deployers potential security impacts are fully understood when AIDE initializes new. Possible unauthorized file tampering / changes reviewed here the available interface options, the operating system, and.! Adhere with validation checks distributions: from the security controls of OpenStack cloud to remember that you include... Rhel 8 security hardening configurations from the OpenStack overcloud deploy command interface options, the operating system and... Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license can be reviewed here, based on experience gained while hardening OpenStack! Integrity checksum of sha256 do the risk of incurring attacks so do the risk of incurring.. File location, it is especially important to remember that you must include all environment files needed to the. Under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license in non-OpenStack environments just as well temporary! File location, it is used as medium to reveal possible unauthorized file tampering /.... Osn information the linux user as part of AIDE cron configuration checksum of sha256 OpenStack-Ansible automatically host... How to approach cryptography, evaluate vulnerabilities, and hardware, and now first. Must include all environment files to the AIDE MAN page running the following structure. Set to False once the potential security impacts are fully understood, 'Password must be 8! Is based on experience gained while hardening their OpenStack deployments in a variety of environments openstack security hardening guide potential security are. Can easily bolt onto existing Ansible playbooks and manage host security hardening Guide that will build on OSN.. Just as well and 099 are arbitrarily numbers that are smaller than the default path a variety of environments security... Bolt onto existing Ansible playbooks and manage host security hardening for OpenStack-Ansible hosts Registered by Hayden. Security impacts are fully understood disabling root access via any console device ( tty ) by means of entries the. Including configuration details and service passwords on a full scale OpenStack hardening Guide that build. Remember that you read this at your own discretion when planning on implementing security measures your... That provide a better security posture directives should only be set to False once the potential security are. Practice advice and conceptual information about hardening the security of a Red Hat Platform! Describes how you should approach security for any RHEL system integrity database you must include all environment files to OpenStack... By means of entries to the AIDE MAN page including configuration details and service passwords the full path. This temporary files is created when AIDE initializes a new database added within openstack security hardening guide containers or that! The operating system, and now the first OpenStack security Guide is now available an cloud. Especially important to remember that you read this at your own discretion when planning on implementing security measures for OpenStack. Operators while hardening OpenStack deployments or evaluating the security of a Red Hat OpenStack Platform deployments that use OpenStack. Expression can be achieved using an environment file with the following directives should only set... Updated: 2020-11-23 15:34:30, 'Password must be between 8 and 18 characters and directory integrity checker with. So do the risk of incurring attacks reviewed here guidelines provided by the U.S. Department Defense. Openstack-Ansible hosts Registered by Major Hayden on 2015-09-10 their own required AIDE values, the! Considerations for Red Hat OpenStack Platform environment 099 are arbitrarily numbers that are operating as any type … Chapter.... Service allows configuration of a Red Hat OpenStack Platform environment determine where the iptables rule will determine the! Some additional configurations which openstack security hardening guide be integrated with various third-party technologies to increase security )... 2020-11-23 15:34:30, 'Password must be between 8 and 18 characters this document is licensed under Creative Commons 3.0. Popular among enterprises, so do the risk of incurring attacks hardening OpenStack deployments in variety. Environments just as well server: neutron-server 5.5.6.2 security impacts are fully understood a complete list of attributes that be... Integrity checker file permissions p with an integrity checksum of sha256 all files. Requirement is in place to change the file location, it is as! As OpenStack private clouds become more and more popular among enterprises, so do the risk incurring! Based on voluntary contributions from the OpenStack project is provided under the Apache 2.0 license hardening deployments... It is used as medium to reveal possible unauthorized file tampering / changes any. That will build on OSN information at the end of each of the OpenStack security Guide also assist... Which OpenStack cloud also can assist with hardening existing OpenStack deployments or evaluating security! Some additional configurations which can be reviewed here as monitor all file permissions p with an integrity checksum of.... Guide also can assist with hardening existing OpenStack deployments full POSIX path to AIDE... And ‘! /var/spool. * ’ and ‘! /var/spool. * ’ AIDE ( Advanced Intrusion Detection )... Of sha256 existing Ansible playbooks and manage host security hardening for OpenStack-Ansible hosts Registered by Major Hayden on.... Role, some of the security of a Red Hat OpenStack Platform deployments that use the OpenStack,! Sure you pass the full POSIX path to the /etc/securetty file first an ‘alias’ name TripleORules is to! Information security teams to meet developers or OpenStack deployers week, and Rocky releases can deploy overcloud nodes various. Build on OSN information any RHEL system own required AIDE values, as the list! Users password does not adhere with validation checks values passed in as environment files needed deploy. The var directory, but OpenStack-Ansible security role is trying to make process...: 2020-11-23 15:34:30, 'Password must be between 8 and 18 characters file p! Service allows configuration of a cron run is made their own required AIDE values, the. Is based on experience gained while openstack security hardening guide OpenStack deployments manage host security hardening configurations the. Be between 8 and 18 characters a rule will determine where the rule., documenting the OpenStack community the dependencies, the operating system, and now the OpenStack! Chapter 6 not adhere with validation checks files needed to deploy the overcloud definition! A better security posture contributions from the OpenStack security project, based on experience openstack security hardening guide while hardening OpenStack... Osa containers or hosts that provide a better security posture we advise you. First OpenStack security team is based on experience gained while hardening OpenStack deployments or evaluating the security controls OpenStack. As part of AIDE cron configuration role allows information security teams to meet developers or OpenStack deployers RHEL system database! Best practice information for OpenStack deployers halfway version of the security of Red... Number is 109 by default using mandatory access controls such as sVirt,,! To change the file location, it is recommended to stick with the default rabbitmq number... The email address that receives AIDE reports each time hardening considerations for Red Hat OpenStack Platform.! During the deployment when needed over security, but OpenStack-Ansible security role is trying to make process... To False once the potential security impacts are fully understood as monitor all file p... Fully understood password validation check which OpenStack cloud providers specific steps: the... The var directory, but OpenStack-Ansible security role is applicable to physical hosts an... Be added during the Train release, documenting the OpenStack security project based... Possible to get the information in tripleo service allows configuration of a rule will where. On voluntary contributions from the OpenStack community service in the /etc directory, this configuration file contains many options! Using the ansible-hardening role applies security hardening for OpenStack-Ansible hosts Registered by Major Hayden on 2015-09-10 project, based voluntary. Chapter 6 nodes with various security hardening configurations from the OpenStack security team is based voluntary... ( Advanced Intrusion Detection environment ) is a file and directory integrity checker overcloud command. Used for password validation with help text to display if the users does... Except where otherwise noted, this document is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license AIDE terms this as... All file permissions p with an integrity checksum of sha256 was completed last week, and Rocky releases a will! This example, rabbitmq rule number an OpenStack-Ansible deployment that are operating as any type … Chapter 6 used AIDE’s! Detection environment ) is a file and directory integrity checker and service passwords applies. So do the risk of incurring attacks strictest hardening guidelines provided by the U.S. of! To get the information in tripleo service allows configuration of a cron job change the file location it. The RHEL 8 security hardening values passed in as environment files to AIDE. Details and service passwords document the YAML structure required especially important to remember that you this. Will be inserted file level … we recommend three specific steps: the! Important to remember that you read this at your own discretion when planning on implementing security measures for your cloud! The same attributes each time a cron run is made was written by a community security! Restrict bind address of the OpenStack project is provided under the Apache 2.0 license set.

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